Prerequisite: English 11 or equivalent
Objectives and Units of Study
According to the Ministry of Education, “language is fundamental to thinking, learning, and communicating in all cultures”; therefore, the objectives for English 12 are to encourage students to do the following:
- communicate effectively in written, spoken, and visual forms
- develop positive attitudes toward language learning
- make connections to other areas of study and to life outside the classroom
- think critically, creatively, and reflectively
- appreciate their own culture and the culture of others
- use technology.
Units of Study
- Non-Fiction Analysis
- Novel Studies
- Research and Writing
- Narrative Writing
- Short Stories
- Historical Fiction
- Understanding Poetry
- Media Literacy
Most writing assignments are evaluated holistically based on the rubrics provided by the Ministry of Education.
Your final grade will be calculated as follows:
- Definition of Plagiarism
When you make research your own, your writing will sound like you. That is exactly what you want. But what you don’t want is to mislead people into thinking that all these ideas are your own. If you do, you may be guilty of plagiarism – the act of presenting someone else’s ideas as your own.
- In word-for-word plagiarism, a researcher repeats the exact words of a source without giving the necessary credit.
- Paraphrase plagiarism occurs when a researcher says basically the same thing as an original source with just a few words changed.
- In spot plagiarism, a researcher uses only a source’s key words or phrases as his or her own without giving credit.
You owe it to your sources, your readers, and yourself to give credit for the ideas you use, unless the ideas are widely accepted as “common knowledge.” Information is considered common knowledge if most people already know it, or if it can be found in nearly any basic reference book on the subject. (The fact that there are 365 days in the year is common knowledge; the fact that it rained 210 days in Seattle during 1990 is not.) (Sebranek, Meyer and Kemper 179)
- What is citation?
“Citation” refers to the process of precisely documenting evidence gathered from various sources. These sources are usually print-based, but they may also take other forms, such as an oral interview, a video, or a painting.
- When to Cite?
Students MUST document where they found their evidence. This does not mean that you have to document every sentence in your essay or assignment, but you must document the following:
- direct quotations
- paraphrased information
- information that is not “common knowledge” or that could not be found in a standard reference book.
For example, the fact that the North-West rebellion took place in 1885 is a standard piece of information and need not be cited. But information that does not seem to be standard– i.e., that the rebellion was a conspiracy engineered by the Tories—does need to be documented if found in a reference because it is not common knowledge and is not your own idea.